August 19, 2022

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Pressure Grows on U.S. Companies to Share Covid Vaccine Technology

Global well being advocates say Moderna has a particular obligation to share its expertise as a result of its vaccine depends partially on expertise developed by the National Institutes of Health, and since the corporate accepted $2.5 billion from the federal authorities as a part of Operation Warp Speed, the Trump administration’s fast-track vaccine initiative.

A Moderna spokeswoman, Colleen Hussey, mentioned in an e-mail message Tuesday night time that the corporate had agreed to not implement its Covid-related patents and was “willing to license our intellectual property for Covid-19 vaccines to others for the post pandemic period.”

But advocates say the world wants Moderna’s know-how now — not after the pandemic is over.

While sharing the vaccine “recipe” is a crucial first step, it’s not in and of itself sufficient to permit for the swift and environment friendly arrange of recent mRNA manufacturing places, mentioned Alain alSalhani, a vaccines skilled with Doctors Without Borders’ access-to-medicines marketing campaign.

“You need someone to share all the process, because it’s a new technology,” he mentioned. “One of the problems we have is that the scientific literature about industrial-scale manufacturing of mRNA vaccines is so slim. This is why it’s not just about a recipe, it’s about an active and full tech transfer.”

Pfizer, in an emailed assertion, famous that it and its associate, BioNTech, had signed a letter of intent, announced final month, with the South African biopharmaceutical firm Biovac, which is a part of the South African hub, to fabricate Pfizer’s vaccine for African nations. But Biovac will solely bottle the vaccine, which doesn’t necessitate sharing the formulation. The precise “drug substance” shall be made in Europe.

In the absence of voluntary cooperation from the businesses, some authorized specialists and world well being advocates say the Biden administration may try to drive them to share their mental property, utilizing the powers of the Defense Production Act, a 1950 regulation that offers the president broad energy over American firms in emergency conditions.

Lawrence O. Gostin, a public well being regulation skilled at Georgetown University, mentioned Mr. Biden may declare the pandemic a nationwide safety menace, which might allow him to “require companies to sign technology transfer contracts in exchange for reasonable compensation,” from both the federal authorities or manufacturing companions.

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